PRINCIPLES OF SELECTION OF OPTIMAL LOCATION OF THE CAPITAL AND ITS STRUCTURE
Bashkir regional branch of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RANS BRO); West-Siberian Center of the International Academy for System Studies (IAIS ZSTS), Ufa, Russian Federation
Capital of the state must comply with the concept of the geopolitical center. Geopolitics – a policy on the ground, underground and above ground. In the phrase geopolitical center founded sense of simultaneous presence of geographical and political center. However, if the political center (the second part of the word geopolitical) capital referred quite rightly, something about the geographical center (the first part of the word geopolitical) – quite often not well-founded.
Center of the state is better to choose based on the land borders. The geographical center point Russia without taking into account the Arctic area is approximately at the intersection of latitude 105o east of Greenwich and 60° north latitude, and in view of the Arctic – 64o. The structure of the State and capital logical form by analogy with the scheme of the structure of the globe, and the proportion of the relationship at a greater take optimal, that is, in accordance with the rule of the golden section. Then, taking into account the harmonic proportions, the geographical center is located approximately in the range of extreme points of the west and east, respectively, 85° latitude and 125o east of Greenwich, and the north and south – 65o and 55° north latitude (the Arctic – 70º and 58o). A central territory of the Russian Federation is located approximately in the range in the west and east , respectively, 52o and 158o east latitude, and to the north and south – 74o and 46o (or 48o and 80°) north latitude.
The connection between the concept of a central area of the state, the average area of the state, the median area of the state and the center of the state. Also established a link between the concepts of center Kremlin inner, middle and outer middle of the Kremlin, the transition zone of the Kremlin, the periphery of the capital and the border area of the capital.
Choosing the second place (northern, cultural) capital of Peter I founded the capital, in fact, in a vacant lot. With all the reluctance change their homes (Moscow) ambitious elite still obey the king.
Based on the realities of today follows logically that the new capital should be built away from major cities. However, the new capital is better not to have their field. Now it is advisable to place in the Urals, namely, on the border of several regional, including the different structures of the Russian Federation, for example, Perm, Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk regions, the Republic of Bashkortostan. This will allow not only symbolically seal them, but the whole country and even the West to the East.
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- Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii. Gimn Rossijskoj Federacii. Gerb Rossijskoj Federacii. Flag Rossijskoj Federacii. M.: izd-vo «Omega-L», 2009. 63 s. [in Russian].
border; border area; butt; center; concept; geometric similarity; geopolitics; harmonious proportions; middle; natural analogy; peripherals; province; the geographic center of the state capital; the golden section; the Kremlin; the part whole structure subject; transition zone; гармоническая пропорция; географический центр; геометрическое подобие; геополитика; государство; граница; естественная аналогия; золотое сечение; кремль; переходная зона; периферия; пограничная территория; понятие; провинция; середина; средина; столица; структура; стык; субъект; целое; центр; часть DOI 10.17122/ogbus-2015-1-451-496 References to this article (GOST) Petrov N.A. PRINCIPLES OF SELECTION OF OPTIMAL LOCATION OF THE CAPITAL AND ITS STRUCTURE // Electronic scientific journal "Oil and Gas Business". 2015. №1. P.451-496. URL: http://ogbus.ru/issues/1_2015/ogbus_1_2015_p451-496_PetrovNA_ru.pdf