70th anniversary of the Victory
Besides providing armaments and live ammunition a considerable role is played by providing with of troops a fuel. In the Second world wartime in this work a large role was played by oil-products pipelines.
Known military oil-products pipeline in our country there is the pipeline laid on the bottom of the Ladoga lake in 1942 He connected blockade Leningrad with Large earth.
All cycle of project and building works was executed in the very compressed terms. A pipeline was built from the pipes intended for pumping exploitation of mining holes. Reservoirs for oil-products pipeline were on oil storage “Red oilmen”, and pumps with necessary descriptions on one of storages of the Vassilievski island. Works were conducted so secretively, that an opponent so not knew about existence of the Ladozhsky pipeline. On him in the besieged city it was given near the 30% of all fuel delivered in a city. A pipeline worked to raising blockade.
Opinion existed before, that on the Ladoga pipeline to besieged Leningrad pumped over petrol exceptionally. However the certificates collected by an author allow to draw conclusion, that actually on him transported a few oil products a direct contact. It is necessary from here, that Ladoga pipeline became the first in the USSR pipeline on that the successive pumping over of foods of direct race of oil was carried out.
Along with Ladoga, in the years of Great Patriotic war in the USSR was built oil-products pipeline Astrakhan – Saratov. Building came true in a frontline situation, under the permanent bombing of aviation of opponent. Pipes, armature and equipment, were not enough. Therefore was fully to dismantle the 2th “thread” of oil pipeline of Baku – Batumi, part of highway Grozny – Tuapse and 60 kilometer area of oil pipeline Kosh – Armavir. A pipeline provided delivery of kerosene acting from Makhachkala, on Uvek oil storages and further – in troops.
In the years of Great Patriotic war for providing of Red Army a fuel repeatedly used and collapsible pipelines.
METHODS OF MANIPULATION IMPACT ON THE PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE YEARS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR (1941-1945)
In the article the questions connected with the methods and features of the impact on the consciousness of the citizens of the Soviet Union in the great Patriotic war.
In wartime from the free and conscious choice of millions of Soviet people directly depended on the existence of our country. To change human behavior, we need to change the structure of their needs, which will lead to the respective transformation and its desires and aspirations. In order that it became possible to change human behavior, we need to change his views.
Thanks to the military patriotically education, mass political and propagandists work party structures and other methods of influence, manifested height and strength of patriotism multinational Soviet people. This system of education was based on the rejection of a foreign regime the majority of Soviet citizens, a sense of shared grief and common destiny, a quest for freedom and security.
Objective and comprehensive study of the impact on the mass consciousness in conditions of martial law – the basis for the consolidation of society, revival of mutual assistance, support, sense of civic pride, willingness and ability to work for the good of the Fatherland, to protect its interests.
This article examines the impact of the Great Patriotic War on the economy of the Soviet Union.
The Second World War had an enormous pressure on the historical, political and economic development around the world. It was the most devastating armed conflict in modern history. Most of the States participating in the hostilities, suffered extensive damage in human lives and the national economy.
The participating countries were divided into two camps: the anti-Hitler coalition and the Nazi unit. In the anti-Hitler coalition includes the United Kingdom, Poland, France, Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands, Yugoslavia, the USSR, the USA, China and other countries in the Nazi unit – Germany, Italy, Japan and several other countries.
At this time, dramatically changed the geopolitical space and the balance of power on the world stage. Countries Nazi unit, such as Germany, Italy, Japan before the war belonged to the great powers. As a result of military defeat as they are for several decades have become dependent countries. The economic potential of these countries has been significantly eroded. But lost the status of a great power and the anti-Hitler coalition. For example, France was defeated by Germany in 1940 and was forced to pay tribute to her enormous occupation, UK, ending the war as one of the great victorious powers, also lost its former power. By adopting the Marshall Plan, the United Kingdom became dependent on US aid and economically and militarily far behind the US.
Most large-scale loss of all the anti-Hitler coalition suffered the USSR. Damage dealt not only branches of material and non-material production, but also the enormous loss of population.