70th anniversary of the Victory
The article discloses a range of issues related to the evacuation of oil production and refining enterprises of the southern parts of the territory of the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic during the Great Patriotic War. Provides information on the relocation of the capital of the Moscow Oil Institute named after I.M. Gubkin, as well as the temporary deployment of the People’s Commissariat of the oil industry of the USSR. Analyzed the reasons for the decline in oil production in the years 1941-1944 in BASSR: reduction of oil production in the Ishimbai field, in connection with the departure to the front of qualified professionals, the reduction of machinery and equipment, depleted oil reservoirs and reservoir pressure drop, transfer of many wells with fountain on deep pumping methods. Reviewed the measures taken by oil specialists to increase oil production. Particular attention is paid to the study of intelligence on Tuymazinsky Devonian oil fields. The basic directions of staffing the oil industry with the involvement of women who did not participate in social production, youth doprizyvnogo age, as well as men, are exempt from military service for health reasons or are retired. The contribution of oil Bashkiria in strengthening national defense and the region’s role in the formation of the “Second Baku”.
It is concluded that by the end of the war BASSR came out on top in oil and has become one of the largest rear bases of the country. This success has been achieved, thanks to the discovery of Devonian oil, evacuate the oil industry and experts from the eastern regions, the selfless labor population BASSR.
This article examines the impact of the Great Patriotic War on the economy of the Soviet Union.
The Second World War had an enormous pressure on the historical, political and economic development around the world. It was the most devastating armed conflict in modern history. Most of the States participating in the hostilities, suffered extensive damage in human lives and the national economy.
The participating countries were divided into two camps: the anti-Hitler coalition and the Nazi unit. In the anti-Hitler coalition includes the United Kingdom, Poland, France, Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands, Yugoslavia, the USSR, the USA, China and other countries in the Nazi unit – Germany, Italy, Japan and several other countries.
At this time, dramatically changed the geopolitical space and the balance of power on the world stage. Countries Nazi unit, such as Germany, Italy, Japan before the war belonged to the great powers. As a result of military defeat as they are for several decades have become dependent countries. The economic potential of these countries has been significantly eroded. But lost the status of a great power and the anti-Hitler coalition. For example, France was defeated by Germany in 1940 and was forced to pay tribute to her enormous occupation, UK, ending the war as one of the great victorious powers, also lost its former power. By adopting the Marshall Plan, the United Kingdom became dependent on US aid and economically and militarily far behind the US.
Most large-scale loss of all the anti-Hitler coalition suffered the USSR. Damage dealt not only branches of material and non-material production, but also the enormous loss of population.
METHODS OF MANIPULATION IMPACT ON THE PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE YEARS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR (1941-1945)
In the article the questions connected with the methods and features of the impact on the consciousness of the citizens of the Soviet Union in the great Patriotic war.
In wartime from the free and conscious choice of millions of Soviet people directly depended on the existence of our country. To change human behavior, we need to change the structure of their needs, which will lead to the respective transformation and its desires and aspirations. In order that it became possible to change human behavior, we need to change his views.
Thanks to the military patriotically education, mass political and propagandists work party structures and other methods of influence, manifested height and strength of patriotism multinational Soviet people. This system of education was based on the rejection of a foreign regime the majority of Soviet citizens, a sense of shared grief and common destiny, a quest for freedom and security.
Objective and comprehensive study of the impact on the mass consciousness in conditions of martial law – the basis for the consolidation of society, revival of mutual assistance, support, sense of civic pride, willingness and ability to work for the good of the Fatherland, to protect its interests.