70th anniversary of the Victory
This paper presents the development of oil, oil-refining industry in the Republic of Bashkortostan during the Great Patriotic War, also reflected the efforts of workers has increased the amount of oil production and refining. In the hardest conditions of the Great Patriotic War the great achievement of the geologists and scientists was a discovery of new oil fields of the Republic: in the 1943 year Kinzebulatovskaya well, in the 1944 year the Devon’s oil in the Tujmazinskoe field. From this period Bashkortostan becomes Republic of the big oil. A.F. Trofimuk, S.E. Kuvykin, M.Z. Maltsev, T.M. Zoloev was the discoverers of new oil fields, so they were awarded State prizes, medals and titles. The opening of a Devon’s oil have had a big national importance, it has been proven that the oil may be presented in the deep layers on a huge territory. A Devon’s layers are stocks, which were significantly larger than all known oil field by that time. The oil refinery industry had been significant changes too. The Ishimbayskoe and the UFA oil refinery plants power have increased, so as production of combustive-lubricating materials, have developed new product lines for the service of our country and its heroic army. The development of oil industry in our region in the war had based for further industrial development.
This article examines the impact of the Great Patriotic War on the economy of the Soviet Union.
The Second World War had an enormous pressure on the historical, political and economic development around the world. It was the most devastating armed conflict in modern history. Most of the States participating in the hostilities, suffered extensive damage in human lives and the national economy.
The participating countries were divided into two camps: the anti-Hitler coalition and the Nazi unit. In the anti-Hitler coalition includes the United Kingdom, Poland, France, Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands, Yugoslavia, the USSR, the USA, China and other countries in the Nazi unit – Germany, Italy, Japan and several other countries.
At this time, dramatically changed the geopolitical space and the balance of power on the world stage. Countries Nazi unit, such as Germany, Italy, Japan before the war belonged to the great powers. As a result of military defeat as they are for several decades have become dependent countries. The economic potential of these countries has been significantly eroded. But lost the status of a great power and the anti-Hitler coalition. For example, France was defeated by Germany in 1940 and was forced to pay tribute to her enormous occupation, UK, ending the war as one of the great victorious powers, also lost its former power. By adopting the Marshall Plan, the United Kingdom became dependent on US aid and economically and militarily far behind the US.
Most large-scale loss of all the anti-Hitler coalition suffered the USSR. Damage dealt not only branches of material and non-material production, but also the enormous loss of population.
METHODS OF MANIPULATION IMPACT ON THE PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE YEARS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR (1941-1945)
In the article the questions connected with the methods and features of the impact on the consciousness of the citizens of the Soviet Union in the great Patriotic war.
In wartime from the free and conscious choice of millions of Soviet people directly depended on the existence of our country. To change human behavior, we need to change the structure of their needs, which will lead to the respective transformation and its desires and aspirations. In order that it became possible to change human behavior, we need to change his views.
Thanks to the military patriotically education, mass political and propagandists work party structures and other methods of influence, manifested height and strength of patriotism multinational Soviet people. This system of education was based on the rejection of a foreign regime the majority of Soviet citizens, a sense of shared grief and common destiny, a quest for freedom and security.
Objective and comprehensive study of the impact on the mass consciousness in conditions of martial law – the basis for the consolidation of society, revival of mutual assistance, support, sense of civic pride, willingness and ability to work for the good of the Fatherland, to protect its interests.