Education. Specialists Training
PREPARATION OF SPECIALISTS ON ANTICORROSIVE DEFENCE OF OIL AND GAS EQUIPMENT IN UFA STATE PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
Many years of experience in operating the equipment oil and gas properties shows that one of the main problems in the production, preparation, transport and processing industry products is a failure or destruction of pipelines, components and assemblies due to corrosion. Corrosion – a spontaneous destruction of metals and alloys as a result of a chemical, electrochemical or physico-chemical interaction with the environment. Intense corrosion in the oil and gas industry is subject to: oilfield equipment (well, teams of collectors, etc.), pipelines for the transport of oil, gas and water (pipelines, water pipelines), equipment for the oil and gas storage (tanks, gas tanks, etc.), refinery, petrochemical equipment, and more. al.
As a result, corrosion occurs depressurization of equipment and pipelines, which could lead to the loss of raw materials, simple equipment, fire or explosion, environmental pollution.
In this regard, of particular relevance for the oil and gas industry acquires staffing the engineering corps of large enterprises highly qualified specialists in the field of protection of metals from corrosion. The Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) train specialists in the profession since 1981. Currently, after the bachelor on a profile “technique corrosion protection of equipment and facilities” (BMK), students can continue their studies in the master’s program “Corrosion protection of equipment and facilities” (MMK11), and then post-graduate of the Department “Oil Apparatus Technology” (TNA). The article describes the long history of the development of the specialty “Technology of anticorrosion protection of equipment and facilities”, justified the importance of training and prospects for future employment of graduates in this direction.
The article deals with the preparation of competitive university graduates, namely power engineering. The professionally significant of power-specialist in the light of energy efficiency of the process equipment in the oil and gas industry is actualized. It has been shown that for effective extraction, transport and processing of oil and gas needed synergy of technology and energy. It is shown that for the preparation of high quality graduates required an innovative approach to the educational process. We consider the statistics of educational groups on ways of perception of the external information. The necessity of accounting for such a structure optimum construction training is shown.
We consider the structure of educational programs of preparation of Power on the example of the oil and gas university. The professional goals and ways of achieving them are defined. The structure of the curriculum, defined by the proportion of classroom and independent work of students, is prepared. It has been shown that over time, the share of education increases students’ independent work. That is the direction in the educational process – education is not knowledge, but their methods of self-purchase – is the most promising in terms of the quality of training specialist.
The classification of lectures and practical seminars is employed – a bearing on the type of conduct (of 6 and 7 types of lectures and practical classes, respectively). Their main differences and signs are considered. The most productive approach to the preparation of the energy at the level of world standards was concluded.
The modern world is rapidly developing, is changing revolutionary. Innovations affect all spheres of society. The economy of the state and industrial relations are radically changing. All innovations in society put new demands on staff. This entails new demands on educational institutions that provide workers. Especially assessment criteria to graduates of higher technical educational universities are changed. The author reveals the problems of higher technical education and ways of their solution. A new, innovative approach to project-oriented education CDIO and rapid development of e-learning and remote student support on the one hand gives a lot of advantages, but on the other hand gives a lot of problems. Positive results of all the innovative innovations will be visible only if the competent solution of the problems. This is the decision of the legal aspects and the update of curricula, training of experts, raising the status of teaching staff, the integration of science and practice and establishment of relations with enterprises. Only when all these relevant problems can be expected improving the quality of education, only in this case the state will have a new generation of engineers adapted to the new requirements of the time. Should the experience of other developed countries to learn, but not blindly, and taking into account the peculiarities of our State.
The ionization theory attributes this phenomena to the interaction of water ions with the ions of dissolved salts, resulting the formation of an excess of hydrogen or hydroxyl ions. The concentration of hydrogen or hydroxyl ions in water is very low, they are in equilibrium with an immense number of unionized water molecules. When one of them is bound by the ions of the salt, the equilibrium is disturbed, causing new water molecules to ionize, which leads to accumulation an excess of quantities of the other ion, making the solution react acid or alkaline.
Any salt can be obtained by neutralization of acids by bases. It is natural to assume, therefore, that solutions, at least those witch are products of complete displacement of hydrogen in acids by metals, must react neutral. However, this assumption holds only for salts of strong acids and strong bases. Salts of weak acids and strong bases, or vice versa, of strong acids and weak bases, do not react neutral when dissolved in water.
The methods handbook covers the basic material on the subject ”Hydrolysis of salts of distinct nature” that may reasonably be required from Ordinary Level university standard for the trade 18.03.01 “Engineering chemistry”, in particular, when making a study in Ufa State Petroleum Technological University.
Semester curriculum (SC) is one of the elements which provide quality mastering of principal educational program (PEP) on some program track. This curriculum modernizes base curriculum up to actuallyacademic year’s conditions and determines such quality indicators as federal state educational standard identity, equitability of teaching load for every student through the semester, making different kind of activity according by student’s self-study, discipline study’s sequence.
It’s offered in the article to use PEP in order to optimize educational process by reducing the number of disciplines studying at the same time, and also by reducing the time between discipline studying and getting interim assessment (for example on the assessment weeks). In order to realize this idea, it’s offered to use series parallel scheme of PEP building. This scheme is based on that studying time depends on its workload, and «floating» studying start. It means that some disciplines begins, for example, on the second third of semester and ends on the second assessment week by getting interim assessment. In order to realize offered PEP building scheme it is necessary to use point-rating system (when assessment is set only by getting points) and to maintain educational process’ schedule as by students, as by lectures.
Using such kind of semester curriculum allows to improve the quality of PEP maintaining and to increase marketability of USPTU graduate.