Education. Specialists Training
This article is devoted to the method of assessing both the relative difficulty and differentiating ability of any items offered within the one test, competition or thematic Olympiad. The main object of research, which all the conclusions are based on, is the empirical function of the success of the solution. The adequacy with the theoretical function accepted in the Item Response Theory (IRT) gives as a quantative measure of the differentiating ability of the particular problem. The parameter in the model characterizes the difficulty of the task and indicates the level of preparation relatively which the division is made. A numerical measure of the likelihood theoretical and empirical functions is the sum of squares of deviations of their values on a uniform grid. The adequacy test is carried out with the help of some consent criterion. For obtaining the criteria distributions we apply the numerical simulations according to the Monte Carlo approach. The level of significance is interpreted as an indicator of the reliability of the obtained results. The study is motivated by the need for accurately assessing the difficulty of the Olympiad problems in order to determine the winners more reasonably. Finally, an example of practical analysis of the math problems from the school Olympiad organized by USPTU is given as concluding remarks.
TO THE QUESTION OF DEVELOPMENT OF LABORATORY PRACTICUM ON DESIGNING MULTI-LEVEL CONTROL SYSTEMS UFA STATE PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
The present article deals with «cheap» version of the computer practical course, which is presented to familiarize students with the design of multilevel control systems in SCADA TRACE MODE 6.09 and its later releases.
Under the project in TRACE MODE 6 refers to the totality of the data and algorithms of distributed automatic control system (ACS), defined by means of TRACE MODE. The result of the development of the project IP is to create files containing the necessary information about the algorithms of work of ACS. These files are then placed on the hardware (PCs and controllers) and run under the control of the Executive modules.
To ensure that the students acquire the primary skills of designing automated control systems using the integrated development environment of the project of complex programs that simulate the presence of the rest, the demo version of the package, because they are sent by the firm AdAstra – developer SCADA packages TRACE MODE, free.
The workshop material will help students and attendants of the Institute of Additional Professional Education without in-depth study of the software package documentation get skills in designing automated control systems based on the demo version of TRACE MODE SCADA-system during the course of laboratory work.
The computer practice summarizes the experience of teaching the Department of Automation of Technological Processes of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas and the Department of Automation of Technological Processes and Production of USPTU in the Field of Design of Automated Control Systems.
PREPARATION OF SPECIALISTS ON ANTICORROSIVE DEFENCE OF OIL AND GAS EQUIPMENT IN UFA STATE PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
Many years of experience in operating the equipment oil and gas properties shows that one of the main problems in the production, preparation, transport and processing industry products is a failure or destruction of pipelines, components and assemblies due to corrosion. Corrosion – a spontaneous destruction of metals and alloys as a result of a chemical, electrochemical or physico-chemical interaction with the environment. Intense corrosion in the oil and gas industry is subject to: oilfield equipment (well, teams of collectors, etc.), pipelines for the transport of oil, gas and water (pipelines, water pipelines), equipment for the oil and gas storage (tanks, gas tanks, etc.), refinery, petrochemical equipment, and more. al.
As a result, corrosion occurs depressurization of equipment and pipelines, which could lead to the loss of raw materials, simple equipment, fire or explosion, environmental pollution.
In this regard, of particular relevance for the oil and gas industry acquires staffing the engineering corps of large enterprises highly qualified specialists in the field of protection of metals from corrosion. The Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) train specialists in the profession since 1981. Currently, after the bachelor on a profile “technique corrosion protection of equipment and facilities” (BMK), students can continue their studies in the master’s program “Corrosion protection of equipment and facilities” (MMK11), and then post-graduate of the Department “Oil Apparatus Technology” (TNA). The article describes the long history of the development of the specialty “Technology of anticorrosion protection of equipment and facilities”, justified the importance of training and prospects for future employment of graduates in this direction.
The article deals with the preparation of competitive university graduates, namely power engineering. The professionally significant of power-specialist in the light of energy efficiency of the process equipment in the oil and gas industry is actualized. It has been shown that for effective extraction, transport and processing of oil and gas needed synergy of technology and energy. It is shown that for the preparation of high quality graduates required an innovative approach to the educational process. We consider the statistics of educational groups on ways of perception of the external information. The necessity of accounting for such a structure optimum construction training is shown.
We consider the structure of educational programs of preparation of Power on the example of the oil and gas university. The professional goals and ways of achieving them are defined. The structure of the curriculum, defined by the proportion of classroom and independent work of students, is prepared. It has been shown that over time, the share of education increases students’ independent work. That is the direction in the educational process – education is not knowledge, but their methods of self-purchase – is the most promising in terms of the quality of training specialist.
The classification of lectures and practical seminars is employed – a bearing on the type of conduct (of 6 and 7 types of lectures and practical classes, respectively). Their main differences and signs are considered. The most productive approach to the preparation of the energy at the level of world standards was concluded.
The modern world is rapidly developing, is changing revolutionary. Innovations affect all spheres of society. The economy of the state and industrial relations are radically changing. All innovations in society put new demands on staff. This entails new demands on educational institutions that provide workers. Especially assessment criteria to graduates of higher technical educational universities are changed. The author reveals the problems of higher technical education and ways of their solution. A new, innovative approach to project-oriented education CDIO and rapid development of e-learning and remote student support on the one hand gives a lot of advantages, but on the other hand gives a lot of problems. Positive results of all the innovative innovations will be visible only if the competent solution of the problems. This is the decision of the legal aspects and the update of curricula, training of experts, raising the status of teaching staff, the integration of science and practice and establishment of relations with enterprises. Only when all these relevant problems can be expected improving the quality of education, only in this case the state will have a new generation of engineers adapted to the new requirements of the time. Should the experience of other developed countries to learn, but not blindly, and taking into account the peculiarities of our State.