Education. Specialists Training
METHODS FOR ASSESSING RELIABLE TEST BASED ON A NUMBER OF TEST DATA (FOR EXAMPLE, THE EXPERIENCE OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SCORE-RATING SYSTEM AT THE DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS USPTU)
Testing of the same group of students over a sufficiently long period of time allows the researcher to explore how to set and testological specific tasks and look for new approaches to solving traditional problems. This article is devoted to estimation of the reliability of test results, conducted as the current control and intermediate level students mastering the material covered in the framework of score-rating system (BRS). It is obvious that the test results are inherently random variables, however, fail the test built able to greatly increase the instability of the results, make an extra (often systematic) errors that may call into question the reliability of the results and the adequacy of the following conclusions. Available theoretical methods are not always realizable in practice, since it implies, for example, re-test the same group of students (test-retest method, parallel forms).
The author examines the approaches based on the analysis of several consecutive tests. These approaches use the apparatus of mathematical statistics, firmly entered into the everyday life of practicing psychologists and educators. If within a relatively short period of time is carried out several tests on the same stream (albeit in different sections), the results must obviously be sufficiently strongly correlated. At the core of this thesis is the assumption of the constancy of the latent high-level parameters such as basic training of the student, the properties of his personality, motivation to learn, etc. If the tests are reliable, the more volatile factors – the level of preparation of students for a particular test, against this background that brings results in relatively minor variations. As a measure of statistical association tightness using correlation coefficient and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The article also discusses the limitations in the use of re-testing and possible applications of analysis of variance to the stated problem.
DETERMINATION OF PHYSICAL HEALTH STATUS AT PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSONS BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE UFA STATE PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
It is worded about the main problems of the modern society: low health state, increase of heart diseases and low lifetime in our country. According to the different researches, only 10% of young people have a normal health level. So students of the USPTU also have not perfect health indicators. In 2014 according to our clinic information among first year students only – 24% are healthy and – 76% are unwell. A lot of students have 2-3 chronic diseases. What is more these records worsen every year. As a result of such low young people’s physical development indicators, production potential of our country is going down. Not every physical exercises can improve our health. Some scientific researches proved that rough labor which is mixed with the power components can’t improve health level, moreover it develops degenerative diseases of the cardio – vascular system. Today health benefits and prevention of coronary heart diseases are connected with not every hard quantified motor activity, only they are linked with the value of total endurance and working ability, which is the criterion of maximum oxygen consumption value. Physical education should contribute to preservation and improving people’s health. Prevention and treatment of cardio – vascular system diseases demands elaboration of effective contestation arrangements against hypodynamy, as well as practical application of modern test for assessing the functional status of the various organism systems, also the use of effective preventive programs training. The article shows facts about the positive influence of physical exercises on health that improve stamina. According to Cooper test (12 min.run), maximum oxygen demand was calculated and MOD table determined levels of physical state in educational group and track and field sport groups. There are suggestions, given at the end of the article that will probably improve work of physical training chair to preserve and improve health state of students.
Electronic training complexes play an important part understanding of new studying material. They help to understand the complicated processes that are often hidden from view. Various operations connected with the calculations, drawings and visual representation of the object cause difficulties. There are several types of electronic training complexes, their aim is to systematize educational material, mathematical calculations and modeling of mechanical and technological processes.
Owing to the three-dimensional modeling electronic training complexes give information, allow to observe the mechanical processes, to examine technical device of machines and apparatus.
For solving the problem of mechanical gears visualization the variant of training complex is suggested. It is a collection of the main types reducers’ dismantling video demonstrations.
In the work the main stages of computer program are analyzed development.
The gear models were created in program “Compass 3D” with the help of three-dimensional computer modeling. Their usage helps to demonstrate mechanism dismantling. An interface of the complex, allows a user to select the desired gearbox for visualization.
An application of training complex will help to solve the problem of the mechanisms’ spatial representation and to optimize the studying process of the subject “Machine parts and bases of designing”.
FORMATION OF PATRIOTISM, CIVIL IDENTITY AND CULTURE OF INTERNATIONAL INTERACTION (ON AN EXAMPLE OF THE UFA STATE OIL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY)
The article presents the results of sociological research of features of formation of civic consciousness and patriotism of students. The analysis of the results of a nationwide sociological surveys of civic identity, which reveals a decrease in the values of patriotism, solidarity, involvement, loss of moral principles.
The article describes current approaches to determining the nature of civic identity, and analyzes the relationship between the concepts of “citizenship”, “patriotism” and “civic identity”, and also examines the structural components civic identity, it is useful to distinguish three main elements: the cognitive, which includes knowledge of belonging to that social community; the value that is associated with the presence of positive or negative attitude to the fact of belonging; and emotional, involving the acceptance or rejection of civil society as membership of the group acting as the result of the first two components.
Showed a reduction in the level of patriotism and civil liability, which may lead to lower social cohesion, besides the lack of a unified all-Russian civil identity can be one of the most important factors of instability of Russian society.
In this regard, the role of education and training as the main factor of formation of the Russian identity, enhance Patriotic attitude and effective instrument of cultural and political integration of Russian society. Studying of disciplines of humanitarian cycle, as well as extracurricular work with students presents a lot of opportunities for the formation of culture of interethnic interaction.
The empirical base of this article was to study “Patriotism and civic identity among students” (2014-2015, n=226), conducted among students of the Ufa State Oil Technical University.
INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDY OF STUDENTS OF THE HIGHER SCHOOL OF LAWS THE FOUNDER OF CLASSICAL MECHANICS I.NEWTON
The article describes the features and the didactic effectiveness of the interdisciplinary study of students in higher educational institutions of the fundamental laws of classical mechanics, created by English scientist Isaac Newton (1643-1727).
Methodological and didactic principles of historicism and interdisciplinary allows to design and implement exercises on physics, mechanics, English and Russian languages, history, philosophy and mathematics three laws of I. Newton, having for students of natural sciences and mathematics, mechanical, construction and engineering faculties of higher education is important theoretical and practical-mechanical values in their general and professional training.
The entry and pronunciation teachers of higher school of three physical laws of Newton in the original Latin and subsequent English when teaching students the English language and their presentation of classical and contemporary formulations of these laws in the classroom with students of the Russian language is focused on increase of level of intellectual potential of subjects of educational activity.
Consideration of the sequence of stages of improvement of the wording of the three laws of Newton, implemented by scientists – physicists during the seventeenth and twentieth centuries, is the subject of cognitive studying by students of higher educational institutions on the lessons of history and philosophy.
Professors of philosophy and mathematics students’ mastered earlier formulation of the three laws of Newton are used for deep and broad discussion in higher education the scope and content of fundamental Newtonian concepts of absolute, homogeneous, empty space, which is the receptacle of all bodies.
Consistent, sometimes hard, constructive criticism and irreversible development of the notion of absolute Euclidean and homogeneous spaces, conducted by Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky (1792-1856), Bernhard Riemann (1826-1866), Ernst Mach (1838-1916) and Albert Einstein (1879-1955), reviewed in mathematics, physics, philosophy and history with students of higher educational institutions, and to develop latest creative commitment, intellectual activity and scientific competence.
With the didactic effectiveness of interdisciplinary study, graduate school of Newton’s laws, revised in methodological terms, can be used in the development of the subjects of educational activity other sections of natural and mathematical sciences.