Environment, labor safety, fire and industrial safety
ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL DISEASES OF UNDERGROUND PERSONNEL ON OIL-STORES OF YAREGSK PLACE OF BIRTH
The study is devoted to the analysis of occupational diseases of workers engaged in mining of oil. Oil mine rather a retreat from generally accepted ideas about the mining industry of Russia and the world. The basis of the thermo-slag method is a decrease in viscosity and an increase in the fluidity of the oil due to the heating of the formation by injection of the coolant. The technology used to extract heavy oil has created special working conditions that form the structure of harmful and dangerous production factors (VOOPF) and carry the risk of obtaining occupational diseases. The analysis and assessment of the risk of obtaining occupational diseases makes it possible to study the distribution of harmful factors causing occupational diseases of workers, comparison with occupational diseases of the coal mining industry, the structure of causes of occurrence and work experience. The statistical method of analyzing occupational morbidity for underground personnel of the Yaregsky oil refineries showed a high incidence rate over the past 17 years. The group at risk of occupational pathology includes workers who are involved in the site of excavation and expansion of mine workings. For the oil industry, occupational diseases by priority are as follows: vibro-disease, chronic lumbosacral radiculopathy, chronic neurosensory hearing loss and the only case of reflex miotonic syndrome. The group of investigated cases of occupational diseases of the underground staff of the Yaregsky oil shale is in the field of the expert-statistical method for assessing occupational risk. The uniqueness of the working conditions of oil mines does not allow us to draw analogies with similar industries. As a result of the performed calculations, the value of occupational risk is obtained by which we determine the index of occupational diseases, which corresponds to the category: «Very high occupational risk». There is a need to develop procedures to better take into account the impact on health of occupational diseases. To increase the overall level of occupational safety at work, a comprehensive assessment of occupational risk is necessary, taking into account the combined effects of negative factors .
Considering the importance of the problem of increasing the industrial and fire safety of pipeline systems in the transportation of flammable, flammable and chemically hazardous substances, the primary task is the development of new high technology, ensuring their high reliability and efficiency of safe operation.
According to statistical data, during the 2011-2015 period, Technical diagnostics of more than 600 units of pipeline systems, only every fourth pipeline met the requirements of industrial safety. The share of pipelines containing unacceptable defects reaches 70-80%.
At the moment, a significant part of the technological equipment has fulfilled the normative service life and is in operation for more than 30 years. Based on the results of previous studies, the current system of oil trunk pipelines and oil product pipelines has also developed its own resource – the wear of the system is about 80%. The number of accidents related to pipeline rupture is still not decreasing due to high mechanical stresses in the areas of increased operational loads.
The development of technology for the safe transportation of fire and explosive and chemically hazardous environments through the creation of a safety management system for pipeline systems based on the criteria for minimizing non-stationary systemic risks is a very urgent task.
The solution of the problem of ensuring the safety of operation of pipeline systems is the creation within the existing systems of dispatch monitoring of a subsystem of operational monitoring and management of non-stationary risks, which, along with operational control and management of technological regimes, prevents possible pre-emergency and emergency situations.
The article describes developments aimed at increasing the level of safe operation of pipeline systems in the transportation of explosive and chemically hazardous environments by minimizing synergistic risk.
EVALUATION OF FIELD FUEL DEPORT ON THE BASED FLEXIBLE TANKS ON THE EAST TAIMYR LICENSE AREAS IN THE CONTEXT OF RISK ANALYSIS
Arctic should become the most important resource base, providing the solution of socio-economic problems of the country’s development in the period up to 2020.
Strategically important objects for the PJSC LUKOIL, located in the Arctic zone, are Nakhodka, South Messoyakha, Pyakyakhinskoye, Salekaptsky, Khalmerpayutinskoye, Vareysky and East Taimyr license areas.
In the difficult conditions of the Russian North an uninterrupted fuel supply is becoming a vital issue. Construction of autonomous objects, such as exploration and production wells in the Arctic territory, provides for a tank farm or storage of fuels and lubricants of large volume. Filling equipment can be a source of man-made emergency situations due to significant amounts of potentially hazardous substances in them.
This article highlights the features of Arctic, zone of the Russian Federation, affecting the safety of construction projects, the analysis of the types and causes of steel tank accidents. Based on the analysis, to eliminate the main causes of initiating fire and explosion hazardous situations, the use a flexible fuel storage tanks was proposed.
The paper assessed. The risk of an accident with a flexible tank, the ‘tree failures “and” the tree of events “during depressurization a flexible tank have been assessed in the paper. A risk analysis on the basis of which is justified matching flexible tank necessary level of industrial safety, highlighting the major recommendations to reduce the degree of potential risk was carried out for the first time.
The comparative analysis of storage of fuels and lubricants on the basis of steel tanks and flexible tanks carried on the example of the construction of the East Taimyr 1P licensed area exploration well showed the increase in the basic technical and economic indicators using flexible fuel storage tanks.
The article is devoted to the interaction of the EMERCOM of Russia structure with the media in the formation of the image of the EMERCOM employee. One of the priority activities of Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters is the work with the media.
The article focuses on the profession of a firefighter and an employee of EMERCOM of Russia. The peculiarities of the media influence on the formation of the employee’s image are revealed.
The analysis of the preparation of PR-texts (information messages, press releases) is presented, which, in addition to the news, should contain information on various areas of the agency’s activities, as well as on the problems facing the society in the field of risk management. The main task of the ministry PR is to use the whole arsenal of communications to build people’s trust, which creates conditions for their life support, involvement in the management process and adoption of socially significant decisions.
The role of the press service, which fulfills the connecting role between organizations and society, realizing various functions, is noted. The need for cooperation between the media and the press service is noted.
PR-specialists are called to conduct relations between their organization and the media, maintain the information balance of bilateral information interaction. In the long term, both the organization and the media are interested in maintaining such interaction, they work in pairs and shape public opinion and tendencies of the modern world.
During the communication of various kinds of information, you can see that it contains both values and certain guidelines. Media and press services in the course of cooperation with each other, provide the world with information that is really considered necessary.
The experience of recent years shows that in the world, the actions of international organized criminal groups, mining companies significantly increasing the share of the losses. This circumstance is explained by the fact that the objects of fuel and energy complex (especially in various oil and gas companies), because of its social and economic significance, but also because of the rather high explosive and fire risk, are the most vulnerable to all kinds of extremist manifestations.
Mostly, this threat affects politically unstable regions of the world: middle East, Persian Gulf, Africa, India, and other countries in Central and Latin America.
Perspective development of fuel and energy complex (FEC) of the Russian Federation, the output of fuel and energy companies of Russia and the continental shelf, as well as strategic goals the need to strengthen the position of Russia in the global division of labour as an energy superpower is imposing new requirements on security and reliability of virtually all complex objects.
Prerequisites and need of work on categorization and certification of the objects of fuel and energy complex serving for increase of their security from possible terrorist attacks are shown. The detailed vulnerable objects of power infrastructure of the country. Main units the organization of anti-terrorist and antidiversionary protection of hazardous production facilities of fuel and energy complex are presented. The main stages of works on categorization of objects of fuel and energy complex are described.