Tag Archives: человеческий фактор
The oil and gas industry is one of the most important field, because the mineral-raw potential of state determines the efficiency of other industries and the level of development of social sphere.
Due to the intensification of oil and gas industry the number of operating personnel has increased; it makes a more significant impact of human factors on the probability of occurrence of emergency situations. Human is a highly organized biological system and sometimes he takes wrong decisions because of their psychological characteristics and organism condition. Decision-making is a complex mechanism which depends on many factors, making it to be actual for study. There is a need to systematize the existing information related to this subject and to create new methods of monitoring factors affecting the ability of personnel operating processing plants to correctly perform certain functions.
The article describes various theoretical approaches of understanding decision-making process and factors directly influencing the choice of options. There has been recommended to make provide additional control of competence of operating personnel, which will minimize the possibility of emergencies, entailing a threat to human lives and environment and prevent financial losses.
THE IMPROVEMENT OF SAFETY LEVEL AT HAZARDOUS PRODUCTION FACILITIES, OPERATING EQUIPMENT, WORKING UNDER OVERPRESSURE
Exploitation of oil and gas equipment, working under excessive pressure is factor leading to the manifestation of emergency situations and accordingly serious consequences on dangerous industrial objects.
Hazards of the equipment working under overpressure in the operation were studied. An analysis of accidents and injury of considered equipment was conducted. The need for improvement and introduction of more advanced technologies training of personnel for the purpose of increase of level of industrial safety and working conditions in the workplace is shown. The safety of hazardous production facilities, is a complex of interrelated organizational and technical measures aimed at trouble-free work of the enterprise. Safety of hazardous facilities is not only direct compliance with all mandatory rules, it is, above all, stable operation of the main production with the use of properly functioning equipment, carrying out timely and quality repairs, and if necessary upgrades or replacement.
The erroneous actions of the personnel in normal and especially abnormal situations that are the result of incorrect assessment of potential hazards, as well as intentionally or unconsciously ignoring signals about violations of technological processes.
Statistics show that such errors lead to a 20-30% failure rate of the equipment operating under excess pressure. In General, industrial enterprises 80-90% of accidents are caused by the fault of the workers themselves.
The reliability of functioning of technical devices subject to pressure is determined not only by strength and resistance of their structural elements, but also to some extent dependent on the reliability of knowledge and professional skills of the personnel, continuously serving the whole system of hazardous production facilities technical devices including.