Tag Archives: эффективность
In the article the author considers the stages of development of strategic planning approaches and tools, analyzes the shortcomings of each approach, and creates conditions under which it is expedient to use various strategic planning tools. The main stages of the evolution of scientific schools of strategic planning are systematized: school of design, planning, positioning, entrepreneurship, cognitive school, teaching, power, culture, environment, and configuration.
Presented are modern approaches to strategic planning, widely applied in practice by domestic and foreign companies. The practice of using modern approaches to strategic development planning by oilfield service companies has been studied, and a number of differences between Russian and foreign companies have been revealed. Strategic planning for the development of foreign companies is of a long-term nature. In spite of the fact that there is a well-defined plan, in fact planning is very flexible and with the slightest change in the market, corrections are immediately made to the created plan and are adjusted to the current situation. A great deal of attention is paid to the problems of increasing the productivity of production, as well as to increasing the cost of business.
Studying the experience of strategic planning of Russian oilfield service companies shows that they actively use such strategic directions as integration, diversification, access to new markets. Based on the study, the main problems of strategic planning for the development of Russian oilfield services companies were identified. Domestic companies have difficulties in conducting analysis and forecasting of economic processes within the company, determining their strategic position in the market, developing and evaluating alternative development options. The need to improve the methodological support of strategic planning for the development of oilfield service companies, taking into account industry specifics, is determined.
This study paper is focusing on current performance of Russia’s oil and gas industry in terms of the industry’s oil and gas company onshore operations. The Russian Federation is a member of the club of world’s major oil and gas producers working hard to meet both the needs of its own national economy in oil and gas supplies and exporting huge volumes of energy resources and petroleum products required to meet the needs of the international customers. Therefore, this review is intended to highlight the outcomes of the largest investment projects implemented in Russia over 2015-2016 periods and that includes the profile analysis of the oil production performance in Russia based on the strength of the approved General Development Plan for Russian Oil Sector.
Subsequently, this paper identifies problems facing the oil and gas industry projects inclusive of their solution prospects such as the issue of declining oil prices resulting in project freezes and high tax burdens significantly hamstringing the industry while killing the profitability of the project with the industry development derailed as a result. The oil and gas transportation cost overruns are also brought into the limelight in terms of the ineffective logistics system operation management by the oil producing companies.
To bridge certain gaps to that effect, an incentive mechanism is proposed to include the following:
Offering tax holidays to companies using innovative practices during early stages of their production operations;
Providing for Russia’s transition to a new taxation system applicable to the development of the hydrocarbon resources based on the financial performance;
Crating built environment for expansion of the system of refineries and transportation infrastructure, accordingly.
Offering tax holidays to oil and gas companies during early phases of their production operations will encourage the subsurface users to explore and further develop subsurface formations that are still unexplored. The State will surely have to incur considerable losses in the early phases of such operations; however, the state revenues will be recouped in the future due to profit taxes.
Currently, Article 424 of the Tax Code defines the subsurface areas where zero rate taxation is applied. The Bazhenov pay zone qualifies for such treatment, in particular.
This study is focused on the current system of project management practices by the oil and gas industry companies; the key project management principles are being reviewed from the standpoint of finding effective solutions to the issues facing operating companies of the industry. The classification of the projects is presented in terms of the investment volumes that are required to implement the projects and therefore these projects are classified as low-budget, mid-budget and big-budget projects, accordingly. The paper shows oil & gas operating company’s project risk assessment methodology using qualitative and quantitative analysis methods. The specifics of risk assessment methods are presented on the basis of simulation modeling which is the most reliable and widely used process in the oil and gas industry. To factor in the risks of potential oil pipeline failures and incidents, a methodological tool has been proposed for the model that incorporates an incident response procedure which is included into the costs incurred or mitigates the integral effect by a discounted amount of expenses associated with the incident response operations throughout the life cycle of a facility. The above-named approaches are based on a step-by-step determination of the effectiveness by using the model in order to conduct the risk assessment of the projects. The principal advantages of the model include transparency of evaluations, simplicity of their understanding and assessment of the project performance by all participants. The process of project implementation incorporates multiple phases and that requires careful assessment of the economic efficiency of the projects. The effective project management system is therefore one of the factors contributing to successful implementation of the project and providing for further development of the industry as well. This study paper fully proves that it is expedient to apply these project management principles so to enable investments by the oil and gas operating companies and that includes the need in conducting project risk management.
Rational Software main transport natural gas in a reduction of gas mains load is accompanied by the increasing complexity of technology and the improvement of traffic management systems gas. An important role is given to the development of the system of dispatching management, one of the areas which is to implement the results of research evidence of system performance based on advanced mathematical models and technologies. Applied Information Systems are increasingly used in the problems of effective use of the equipment in the main gas transport.
Priority scientific and technical challenge of PJSC «Gazprom» is to improve the technology of gas trunk line.
In this regard, one of the most promising areas of research is the creation of mathematical models and methods of forecasting the volume of pumping natural gas through main pipelines for solving rationing problems and dispatching management planning. Developed earlier prediction technology focused mainly on the stationary conditions and the use of specific norms of consumption of natural gas for its own needs of compressor stations. Modern conditions of functioning of the gas transmission system characterized by a decrease in pumping volumes of natural gas each year.
In this paper we propose a method that allows to predict the volume of transit of natural gas through MG, taking into account the seasonal, daily and hourly unevenness of gas consumption (harmonic oscillation with random amplitudes and random phases).
To monitor the daily and seasonal hours the dynamics of gas consumption shows the possibility of presenting the dynamics of the volume of pumping natural gas through pipelines on the basis of time-series visualization in the form of fractal surfaces, which allows you to select components of the random time series.
Efficient natural gas trunkline transportation in conditions of gas trunklines load reduction accompany increasing complexity of technology and natural gas traffic management systems improvement. An important role is given to development dispatching management systems one of which trends is implementing practical research of equipment results based on advanced mathematic models and technologies. Increase applied information systems use for solving problems of gas trunkline equipment effective operation.
Priority sci-tech challenge of PJSC «Gazprom» is improving technologies of gas trunkline transportation.
In this regard, one of the most promising areas of research is mathematic models and forecasting volume of pumping natural gas through main pipelines methods development for solving rationing problems and dispatching management planning. Earlier prediction technology focus mainly on the stationary conditions and use specific natural gas consumption norms for technological needs of compressor stations. Modern conditions of gas transmission system functioning characterize by decreasing pumping volumes of natural gas each year.
Decreasing pumping volumes and increasing inequality of gas supply may cause increasing gas consumption for pumping needs and reducing economic indicators due to changing operation parameters of compressor stations.
The paper evaluate the type of data distribution in terms of pumping gas through three thread corridor gas trunklines through which 1/5 of the total natural gas produced in the Russian Federation is pumped. Recommendations on estimates natural gas pumping volumes in case of declining load of main gas pipelines obtained.