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FEATURES OF THE “ACCIDENT” AND THE “INCIDENT” CONCEPTS AT THE HAZARDOUS PRODUCTION FACILITIES ON THE MODEL OF THE MAIN PIPELINES
At the present time among the subjects of the business activities and the developers of the state policy in the sphere of the industrial safety and also in the modern scientific life the main problems of the existing Legislation in the sphere of the industrial safety of the hazardous industrial objects are widely discussed. These problems specified the necessity of the qualitative changes of the government control in the industrial branches aimed at the improvement and regulation control of the industrial objects’ safety.
The fulfillment of the constant monitoring of the industrial safety level promotes the increase of the effective management of the industrial safety in the organizations operating at the dangerous production objects. The purpose of this monitoring is an operative reaction to the change of factors influencing the condition of the dangerous industrial objects’ protection and performing preventive measures aimed at the prevention of “accidents” and “incidents”. Therefore, for the effective fulfillment of the monitoring it is advisable to keep records of accidents’ indices under the control of the Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision. But it should be noted that the definitions of the basic concepts of an “incident” and “accident” on which the practical implementation of Art. 116-FL “About the industrial safety at the dangerous production objects” is based, don’t provide a sufficient base for the prevention of accidents and incidents and also the consequences of their impact on a human being, the surrounding environment and means of production. In addition the practical statistics shows that about 80% of operational injuries and Illnesses aren’t consequences of the accidents. These are the consequences of the incidents (the violation of the technological mode, operation instructions, non-utilization of the individual protection means and others). Therefore, it is necessary to improve the protective measures directed not only to the accidents’ prevention but also to the incidents’ prevention and the prevention of their transformation into the accidents.
Relevance growth focus of oil and gas companies to auxiliary business processes, in particular the processes of industrial safety, due to a number of reasons: first, they are cost centers that must be controlled, and secondly, the recent increase in accidents with severe environmental consequences, and thirdly, the level of industrial safety will be taken into account in the index of sustainable development.
The management aspect of industrial safety economy in oil and gas company is considered in the article. The general approaches for controlling system forming in oil and gas companies and operative and strategic safety controlling indicators are presented.
Controlling system of industrial safety involves the interaction of the parent company and the branch (or subsidiary), contains the functions of planning, organization and control. The system separates the functions of strategic and operational planning for the parent company establishes strategic controlling functions (formation of key performance indicators in the field of industrial safety and on the basis of strategic guidelines setting targets) and leaves the operational planning for the structural units. The system of indicators of strategic controlling factor is proposed to include fatalities, injuries common factor, the number of accidents, accident severity rate, the average level of industrial hazards enterprise value of economic damage from accidents. The recommended rate of operative controlling are: the number of incidents, the costs of preventive measures, production downtime due to accidents and incidents, the economic losses due to accidents and incidents, the amount of fines, the performance security service and safety.