Tag Archives: нефтешахта
ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL DISEASES OF UNDERGROUND PERSONNEL ON OIL-STORES OF YAREGSK PLACE OF BIRTH
The study is devoted to the analysis of occupational diseases of workers engaged in mining of oil. Oil mine rather a retreat from generally accepted ideas about the mining industry of Russia and the world. The basis of the thermo-slag method is a decrease in viscosity and an increase in the fluidity of the oil due to the heating of the formation by injection of the coolant. The technology used to extract heavy oil has created special working conditions that form the structure of harmful and dangerous production factors (VOOPF) and carry the risk of obtaining occupational diseases. The analysis and assessment of the risk of obtaining occupational diseases makes it possible to study the distribution of harmful factors causing occupational diseases of workers, comparison with occupational diseases of the coal mining industry, the structure of causes of occurrence and work experience. The statistical method of analyzing occupational morbidity for underground personnel of the Yaregsky oil refineries showed a high incidence rate over the past 17 years. The group at risk of occupational pathology includes workers who are involved in the site of excavation and expansion of mine workings. For the oil industry, occupational diseases by priority are as follows: vibro-disease, chronic lumbosacral radiculopathy, chronic neurosensory hearing loss and the only case of reflex miotonic syndrome. The group of investigated cases of occupational diseases of the underground staff of the Yaregsky oil shale is in the field of the expert-statistical method for assessing occupational risk. The uniqueness of the working conditions of oil mines does not allow us to draw analogies with similar industries. As a result of the performed calculations, the value of occupational risk is obtained by which we determine the index of occupational diseases, which corresponds to the category: «Very high occupational risk». There is a need to develop procedures to better take into account the impact on health of occupational diseases. To increase the overall level of occupational safety at work, a comprehensive assessment of occupational risk is necessary, taking into account the combined effects of negative factors .
The basis of safety management system is accurate and timely information on changes of working conditions sinker. Management capabilities increase in restructuring and working environment in the regulation of processes occurring in it through the use of automated information-analytical systems and safety management. Such management system provides updates provided its normal functioning. Information provision is based on complex information carriers reflect all changes in working conditions, the specifics of which shall be determined in each case professional expediency and the ability to organize automated collection and expeditious transfer of complete and reliable information about the harmful and dangerous production factors (HandDPF) levels and their impact per employee during the execution of a particular process. Thus, information security should form grammed and improved considering the requirements listed above, which is a necessary condition for improving the effectiveness of safety management systems. The basis of information in the field of software safety based on the results of certification of workplaces on working conditions and production control levels (HandDPF). When retooling means of labor vary not only quantitative indicators (HandDPF) but also temporal their characteristics. In these circumstances, it is necessary to improve the methods of comparative assessment of labor conditions on negative factors combine. The basis of improving information security management systems put safety complex, single and specific indicators that characterize the working conditions of different ways underground development of oil mines. Key words: